Urban ants of North America and Europe : Identification, Biology, and Management

Auteurs
Éditeurs
Parution
11/09/2008
Pages
216
Catégorie
Langue

Présentation

Ants that commonly invade homes, damage structures, inflict painful bites, or sting humans or their pets are considered pest ants. This illustrated identification guide highlights forty species of ants that pose difficulties in urban settings. Included are well-known invasive troublemakers such as the red imported fire ant and Argentine ant, as well as native species.

After an introductory chapter on the evolution, biology, and ecology of pest ants, the book follows a taxonomic arrangement by subfamily. Each subfamily chapter includes separate illustrated keys to both the genera and species of that group to enable entomologists and pest control professionals to identify pest ants correctly. The species accounts cover biology, distribution, and methods for excluding and/or removing ants from human structures and landscapes. The authors focus on the ants' biology and nesting behavior, life cycles, and feeding preferences; an intimate understanding of these factors enables the implementation of the least toxic control methods available.

A chapter on control principles and techniques encompasses chemical strategies, habitat and structural modifications, biological control, and integrated pest management methods. Urban Ants of North America and Europe also contains valuable information on the diagnosis and treatment of human reactions to ant stings and bites. This comprehensive reference work on these economically significant ants includes the scientific, English, French, Spanish, and German names for each species and a summary of invasive ant species in the United States and Europe.

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Sommaire

  • ixPreface
  • xiiAcknowledgments
  • 11. Biology and Ecology of Pest Ants
    • 1ORIGINS AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR
    • 2ECOLOGICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE
    • 3NATIVE AND EXOTIC PEST ANTS
    • 4LIFE HISTORY TRAITS
    • 6IMPLICATIONS FOR CONTROL
    • 7BIOLOGY AND TAXONOMY
    • 8KEY TO SUBFAMILIES
  • 112. Formicinae
    • 11SUBFAMILY CHARACTERISTICS
      • 11Scientific and Common Names
    • 14KEY TO GENERA OF FORMICINAE
    • 16CARPENTER ANTS
      • 24Key to Species of Camponotus
    • 29THATCHING, WOOD, AND FIELD ANTS
      • 34Key to Groups of Formica
    • 35CRAZY ANT AND RELATED SPECIES
      • 37Key to Species of Paratrechina
    • 38"SMALL OR FALSE HONEY ANT" OR "WINTER ANT"
    • 39CORNFIELD, MOISTURE, BLACK GARDEN, AND CITRONELLA ANTS
      • 46Key to Subgenera of Lasius
    • 48ROVER ANTS
      • 49Key to Species of Brachymynnex
    • 49LONG-LEGGED ANT
    • 51PLAGIOLEPIS SPECIES
  • 533. Dolichoderinae
    • 53SUBFAMILY CHARACTERISTICS
      • 53Scientific and Common Names
    • 54KEY TO GENERA OF DOLICHODERINAE
    • 55ARGENTINE ANT
    • 61ODOROUS HOUSE ANT
    • 63GHOST ANT
    • 66WHITE-FOOTED ANT
    • 68VELVETY TREE ANTS
      • 71Key to Species of Liometopum
    • 72PYRAMID ANTS
      • 73Key to Species of Dorsmyrmex
    • 73FORELIUS PRUINOSUS
  • 754. Myrmicinae
    • 75SUBFAMILY CHARACTERISTICS
      • 75Scientific and Common Names
    • 77KEY TO GENERA OF MYRMICINAE
    • 79PHARAOH ANT
      • 84Key to Species of Monomorium
    • 85LITTLE BLACK ANT AND RELATED SPECIES
    • 87BIGHEADED ANT AND RELATED SPECIES
      • 91Key to Species of Pheidole
    • 93PAVEMENT ANT AND RELATED SPECIES
      • 96Key to Species of Tetramorium
    • 97LITTLE FIRE ANT
    • 98HARVESTER ANTS -POGONOMYRMEX
      • 101Key to Species of Pogonomyrmex
    • 103HARVESTER ANTS -MESSOR
      • 104Key to Species of Messor
    • 104FIRE ANTS
      • 111Key to Species of Solenopsis
    • 113THIEF ANTS
    • 114LEAF -CUTTING ANTS
      • 116Key to Acromyrmex versicolor and Attu texana
    • 116ACROBAT ANTS
      • 118Key to Species of Crematogaster
    • 120"EUROPEAN FIRE ANT" AND A RELATED SPECIES
      • 121Key to Species of Myrinica
    • 122APHAENOGASTER SPECIES
      • 123Key to Species of Aphaenogaster
  • 1255. Ponerinae
    • 125SUBFAMILY CHARACTERISTICS
      • 125Scientific and Common Names
    • 125KEY TO Two SPECIES OF PONERINAE
      • 126Hypoponera punctatissima
    • 127"ASIAN NEEDLE ANT"
  • 1296. Pseudomyrmecinae
    • 129SUBFAMILY CHARACTERISTICS
      • 129Scientific and Common Names
    • 129TWIG ANTS
      • 130Key to Two Species of Pseudomyrmecinae
  • 1317. Ecitoninae
    • 131SUBFAMILY CHARACTERISTICS
      • 131Scientific and Common Names
    • 131KEY TO SPECIES OF ECITONINAE
    • 132LEGIONARY ANTS
  • 1348. Adverse Reactions to Ant Stings and Bites
    • 135MEDICAL CONSEQUENCES OF ANT STINGS AND BITES
    • 137DIAGNOSTICS
  • 1439. Management of Ants
    • 144CHEMICAL CONTROL STRATEGIES
    • 156HABITAT AND STRUCTURAL MODIFICATION
    • 157BIOLOGICAL CONTROL
    • 159INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT (IPM)
    • 161CONCLUSION
      • 163Appendix I. Scientific and Cominon Names of Urban Ants
      • 165Appendix 2. Urban Ant Species Introduced into Europe
      • 167Appendix 3. Urban Ant Species Introduced into the United States
  • 169References
  • 187Index

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