Mutualism : Ants and their insect partners

Auteurs
Éditeurs
Parution
07/04/2008
Pages
248
Catégorie
Langue

Présentation

A mutualism is an interaction between individuals of two different species of organism in which both benefit from the association. With a focus on mutualisms between ants and aphids, coccids, membracids and lycaenids, this volume provides a detailed account of the many different facets of mutualisms. Mutualistic interactions not only affect the two partners, but can also have consequences for higher levels of organization. By linking theory to case studies, the authors present an integrated account of processes and patterns of mutualistic interactions at different levels of organisation, from individuals to communities to ecosystems. Interactions between ants and their insect partners and their outcomes are explained from a resource-based, cost-benefit perspective. Covering a fascinating and growing subject in modern ecology, this book will be of interest to community and evolutionary ecologists and entomologists, at both research and graduate student level.

+ / -

Sommaire

  • viiPreface
  • 11 The scope of the problem
  • 92 Historical perspective
  • 143 Theories on mutualism
    • 143.1 Theories on co-operation
    • 213.2 The predictions
    • 223.3 Models
      • 243.3.1 Lotka–Volterra type models; functional response models
      • 353.3.2 Life-history models
      • 433.3.3 Metapopulation models
  • 574 Mutualisms between ants and their partners
    • 574.1 Phylogeny and feeding ecology
    • 654.2 Associations of ants with nectar/honeydew producing partners
      • 654.2.1 Ants
      • 674.2.2 Aphids
      • 694.2.3 Coccids
      • 734.2.4 Membracids
      • 794.2.5 Lycaenids
    • 834.3 Emerging patterns in the distribution of outcomes
      • 844.3.1 Phylogeny
      • 854.3.2 Genetics
      • 854.3.3 Ecology
  • 895 A special case: aphids and ants
    • 895.1 Features associated with ant attendance
    • 915.2 Cost–benefit perspective
    • 985.3 The effects of ants on life-history characteristics and fitness
    • 1005.4 Specialization and coevolution
  • 1076 Multitrophic-level interactions
    • 1076.1 Mutualism within a resource-tracking framework
      • 1076.1.1 Bottom-up and top-down forces
      • 1126.1.2 Plant chemical defence
      • 1146.1.3 Host plant heterogeneity
    • 1186.2 Population effects
      • 1186.2.1 Seasonal dynamics and density dependence
    • 1236.3 Dispersal
    • 1336.4 Community effects
    • 1436.5 Metamutualism
      • 1536.5.1 Experimental evidence for metamutualism
      • 1616.5.2 Examples of multiple mutualistic interactions
      • 1676.5.3 Extrafloral nectaries
      • 1716.5.4 General conclusions
  • 1757 Prospects and conclusions
    • 1767.1 Life-history level
    • 1777.2 Population level
    • 1797.3 Community level
    • 1817.4 Ecosystem level
    • 1827.5 Conclusions
  • 184References
  • 212Species index
  • 215Subject index

Bibliothèque